NOTES ON TAXONOMY AND BIOLOGY: Anguina tritici female show a well developed anterior branch of the ovary which is folded in two or more flexures and a. Turbeville Needham first observed Anguina tritici. He reported his observations to the Royal Society of London in a letter that was read before. PDF | Seed gal nematode (Anguina tritici Stein.) has not been reported as a parasite of wheat and barley in Bulgaria for more than thirteen.

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Anguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)

Means of Movement and Dispersal Top of page The principal means of dispersion is by wheat seed containing infected galls in commerce and by sowing infected galls in fields. Indian Journal of Nematology, 11 1: This does not occur in rye heads.

It is an ectoparasite that becomes endoparasitic invading inflorescence and developing seeds. Water from the funnel is drawn into a 50 ml centrifuge tube and the residue from the tube is pipetted onto a microscope slide after 30 minutes for diagnosis.

They continue to increase in numbers at the growing point until 45 days after inoculation. Earcockle and “tundu” diseases of wheat.

Anguina tritici has a three part esophagus and the esophageal glands do not overlap with intestine. One female can deposit up to eggs Southey, The larvae start penetrating the flower primordia from the 68th day and the developmental stages are discernible from the 70th day onwards.


The conversion of triitci grains to galls caused losses of 6. The natural history of nematodes. Impact Top of page A.

Thousands of J2s are present in seed galls. Yellow ear-rot or ‘tundu’ is a nematode-vectored bacterial disease commonly associated with ear-cockle.

Anguina tritici

Indian Journal of Nematology, 18 1: Body obese, spirally coiled ventrally when relaxed by heat. Galls can develop from undifferentiated flower buds, stamen tissues, and various other tissues.

Ear-cockle tritcii yellow ear-rot diseases of wheat: It was the first plant-parasitic nematode to be described in the scientific literature in Various methods have been used to separate nematode galls from seed lots including fanning, screening and flotation in water. Reported median body size for this species Length mm; width micrometers – Click:.

When the floral organs appear, the staminate tissue is invaded followed by the carpellate tissue. The total life cycle from second stage to second angina takes days Gokte and Swarup, Like most websites we use cookies.

Many chemicals have been used to control A. In severe infection, the entire above-ground plant is distorted to some degree and a disease problem is usually obvious. Incidence of tundu on weed plants. Seed Treatment Chemical Early investigations of the disinfection of contaminated seed produced varying results. Their Bionomics and Control. Water is added to the funnel just above the support disc and a paper tissue is added to the funnel.


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Procorpus of oesophagus swollen but constricted at junction with median bulb. Anguina tritici wheat seed gall nematode ; seed gall on wheat caused by infection, teased apart to reveal adult males and females and thousands of eggs. Title Damage symptoms Caption Anguina tritici wheat seed gall nematode ; wheat-heads. Juveniles swim up the stem and enter the leaves or leaf sheath; they then migrate to the growing point tditici they feed ectoparasitically.

Mature plants should be examined for stunted, irregular spikes with horizontal glumes exposing the galls. Go to Nemaplex Main Menu. Therefore older records should be treated with caution. Continuing tritci use www. Many common grasses have been exposed to A. Status of wheat seed gall nematode, Anguina tritici in Haryana.

Males possess small spicules and small bursae or alae.

Pre-soaking the seeds before the hot-water treatment has also been advocated Byars, ; Chu, Summary of Invasiveness Top of page Anguina triticicommonly referred to as wheat seed gall nematode, is the cause of ear-cockle disease.

Cockle seed is black and hairy.