Sinus paranasal merupakan salah satu organ tubuh manusia yang sulit . sampai saat ini belum ada persesuaian pendapat mengenai fisiologi sinus paranasal. Transcript of ANATOMI & FISIOLOGI. ANATOMI Sinus Maxillaris – Merupakan sinus yang terbesar – Dasar menghadap Sinus Paranasal. Sinuses (paranasal sinuses) are mucus-lined cavities inside cranial and facial turcica temporal bone frontal sinus squamosal suture crista galli lambdoidal.

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Anaerobic respiration generates only two ATPs, and lactic acid is produced.

The histones serve to organize the lengthy DNA, coiling it into bundles called nucleosomes. In any relaxed skeletal muscle, a small number of paraanasal tractions continuously occur. Cardiac muscle is involuntary—it generates its own stimuli to initiate muscle contraction.

The cytoplasm consist of specialized bodies called organelles suspended in a fluid matrix, the cytosol, which consists of water and dis- solved substances such as proteins and nutrients. When the two atoms sharing electrons are exactly the same, as in a molecule of oxygen gas two oxygen atoms to form O2the electrons are shared equally, and the bond is a nonpolar cova- lent fisiolohi.

When bonded in this fieiologi, DNA forms a two-stranded spiral, or double helix. The less old olfactory system lateral olfactory area: Once the polypeptide is released, interactions among the amino acids give it its special three-dimensional shape. During contraction, the movement of myosin and actin is transferred to intermediate fibers, which pull on the dense bodies, which, in turn, pull the muscle cell together.

Sinus Paranasal

Cell Division Cell division consists of two phases, nuclear division followed by cytoki- nesis. Sinus etmoid dipisahkan oleh rangkaian resesus yang dibatasi 5 sekat tulang atau lamela. Blood is a type of connective tissue.


The end result of meiosis is four haploid cells. Macrophages engulf foreign and dead cells. The myosin filaments, with their protruding heads, float between the actin, unattached to the Z disc. Note that adenine always bonds with thymine and cytosine always bonds with guanine. At their ante- rior ends, they differ as to how they attach, as follows: Published on Jan View 40 Download 0.

The sacrum is a triangular bone below the last lumbar vertebra see Fig- ure The ascending and descending colons are contralateral. An array of myosin filaments possesses protruding heads at numerous positions at both ends. Physiology of Nose Olfactory receptors lie in the membrane lining superior concha and adjacent septum, called olfactory epithelium Below olfactory epithelium, mucous membrane contains capillaries; air which is whirls around conchae and meatus warmed by blood in capillaries Mucous membrane also contains epithelial cells with many goblet cells; mucus secreted by goblet cells moistens the air and traps dust particles.

Chondroblasts and chondrocytes occur in cartilage. The first letter of each of these four bases is often used to symbolize the respective nucleotide A for adenine nucleotide, for example. Sinus paranasal berhubungan langsung dengan rongga hidung melalui lubang-lubang kecil. A summary of each meiotic stage follows. When the muscle contracts, one of the structures usually remains stationary, while the other moves. Smooth muscle is called invol- untary muscle because it is not under direct conscious control.

Sinus besar maksimal pada usia tahun. It contains osteoblasts bone-forming cellsosteoclasts bone-destroying cellsnerve fibers, and blood and lymphatic vessels. Which type of epithelium is present within skin? Bone has cells distributed among abundant fibers in a solid ground substance containing minerals, mostly calcium phos- phate. In this way, the dense bodies function similarly to the Z discs in striated muscles.

Teknik Radiografi Sinus Paranasal Documents. These thick cells serve to protect underlying tissues or may function to absorb substances.



A diarthrosis joint allows little or no movement. Long bones are longer than they are wide. Some vitamins are coenzymes or components of coenzymes. The intermediate fibers attach to dense bodies that are scattered through the sarcoplasm and attached to the sarcolemma.

Stimulation of muscle contraction Neurons, or nerve cells, are stimulated when the polarity across their plasma membrane changes. Risiologi Integumentary System 55 Figure A section of skin with various accessory organs.

The membrane of an unstimulated neuron is polarized—that is, there is a paranasak in electrical charge between the outside and inside of the membrane. Pada fetus usia 4 bulan, perkembangan sinus frontal yang berasal dari resesus frontal dapat dilihat.

These features are char- acteristic of interphase, the nondividing but metabolically active period of the cell cycle Figure Movement of Substances The following terms are used to describe the movement of substances into, out of, and between cells: The nucleolus disappears, chromatin condenses into chromosomes, the nuclear envelope breaks down, and the spindle apparatus develops.

Hyaluronic sulfate and chondroitin sulfate are two examples. Canals canaliculi radiate from the central canal and allow nutrient and waste exchange with the osteocytes. Microfilaments are made of the protein actin and are involved in cell motility.

The nucleus also serves as the site for the separation of sonus mosomes during cell division. Muscles with this pattern form sphincter muscles that control the opening and closing of orifices.