Creating a JTree: JTree «Swing «Java Tutorial. public JTree() JTree tree = new JTree(); public JTree(Hashtable value) JTree tree = new JTree(System. JTree; import delEvent; import TreeModelListener; import tMutableTreeNode; import. The idea of custom data models and cell renderers was covered in detail in the Swing tutorial section on JList. JTree is another component that commonly uses.

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Doing this is very simple.

It then creates the rest of the nodes in the tree. Instead, the tree uses the cell renderer’s painting code to paint the node. The default is false. The root node is the parent of all nodes, so, it would be possible for us to expand and collapse this too.

We will then add it to the bottom of the frame: To be notified of node changes, we can implement a TreeModelListener. The TreeNode argument specifies the root node, to be managed by the default tree model. Now, try and collapse one of the nodes. Here is an example of a tree model listener that detects when the user has typed in a new name for a tree node:.

Working with the Nodes of the Tree You might be wondering how a cell renderer works. What if we need to provide our own icons for this purpose? From Beginner to Expert. A cell renderer only paints; it cannot handle events. We need to make use of the renderer to do this.


If we want to find sub classes or super classess of selected class. Creating a JTree Component. Tree with Root Handles Displayed. The argument to the DefaultMutableTreeNode constructor is the user object which is an object that contains or points to the data associated with the tree node. Adding More Children 4.

This class has tutorizl handy methods which we can use to customize the display. Notify me of follow-up comments. The toString method is implemented to return the book name. The code creates a node, inserts it into the tree model, and then, if appropriate, requests that the nodes above it be expanded and the tree scrolled so that the new node is visible. The interfaces and event type used for detecting tree expansion and collapse.

Expansion and Collapse Events in a JTree are fired before a node is expanded or collapsed can be vetoed, thereby preventing the operation. This requires implementing methods for getting information about nodes, such as which is the root and what are the children of a particular node.

We can see that the icon displayed for the ‘Vegetables’ and ‘Fruits’ node has changed from a leaf icon to a folder icon.

JTree basic tutorial and examples

Thank you in advance for your support! The default value is false. To find out when a tree node has been expanded or collapsed Finding a Node in a JTree Component Creating a JTree Component Let us now try and customize a JTree’s display.

When we run the program, we get the following output: To make the text in the tree’s nodes editable, we invoke setEditable true on the tree. These can be clicked on to expand the nodes.


By default, the Java look and feel draws angled lines between nodes. We will first add a JLabel to be displayed at the bottom.

How to Use Trees

For more information, jtres Getting Started. The first line uses the standard mechanism uttorial load images where the image is part of the application jtrde within the jar. Setting the Row Height of a JTree. How to Use Various Components. The tree API is quite extensive. More Children Added We can see that the icon displayed for the ‘Vegetables’ and ‘Fruits’ node yutorial changed from a leaf icon to a folder icon. This is very simple.

No matter what the look and feel, the default icon displayed by a node is determined by whether the node is a leaf and, if not, whether it is expanded. This article explains working with JTree and proceeds to show some examples. The second sets which customized editor to use. Sometimes, it is not feasible to override toString ; in such a scenario you can override the convertValueToText of JTree to map the object from the model into a string that gets displayed.

Working with the Nodes of the Tree. The first method sets whether the user can edit tree nodes. This is not very useful.