KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques. Approved For Rel /08/ CIA-RDPR’N/+ Proposed Dispatch SUBJECT: KUBARK Retirement Program 1. KUBARK policy . PDF | A careful reading of the KUBARK manual is essential for anyone involved in Anticipating modern-day interrogation guides such as CIA’s “KUBARK.

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If it is then established or strongly suspected that the agent belongs to one of the following categories, further investigation and, eventually, interrogation usually follow. Designed as an aid for interrogators and others immediately concerned, it is based largely upon the published results of extensive research, including scientific inquiries conducted by specialists in closely related subjects.

The Washington Post ]. Preliminary assessment of motivation including political orientationreliability, and capability as observer and reporter. He may even have a system of morality that is all his own.

Whenever possible, KUBARK should secure a copy of the file or its full informational equivalent before accepting custody. As an adult he may have learned to cloak his resistance and become passive-aggressive, but his determination to get his own way is unaltered.

With this common understanding established, the interrogation can move on to impersonal matters and will not later be thwarted or interrupted — or at least not as often — by irrelevant answers designed not to provide facts but to prove that the interrogatee is a respectable member of the human race. This manual cannot teach anyone how to be, or become, a good interrogator.

It is equally true that some of the most glaring blunders in interrogation and other operational processes have resulted from ignoring the source’s background. It is frequently said that the interrogator should be “a good judge of human nature.

If medical, chemical, or electrical methods or materials are to be used to induce acquiescence. This study is by no means confined to a resume and interpretation of psychological findings.

And like all other typologies, the system is plagued by overlap, so that some interrogatees will show characteristics of more than one group. CIA interrogations chief was involved in Latin American torture camps”. They often reach decisions very slowly.

In a page advising against using coercive techniques was inserted at the front of Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual.


But ica assumption of hostility — or at least the use of pressure tactics at the first encounter — may make difficult subjects even out of those who would respond to recognition of individuality and an initial assumption of good will. He sometimes gratifies his feeling of secret superiority by provoking unjust treatment. The Wave of the Future That Wasn’t. The assessment of individuals is based upon the compilation and use of psychological as well as biographic detail. From the viewpoint of the intelligence service the categories of persons who most frequently provide useful information in response to questioning are travellers; repatriates; defectors, escapees, and refugees; lubark sources; agents, including provocateurs, double agents, and penetration agents; and kubak and fabricators.

But the results of preliminary testing are often inconclusive, and detailed interrogation is frequently essential to confession and full revelation.

Kubarj is not to say that egotistic types should be allowed to bask at length in the warmth of individual recognition. Many provocation agents are walk-ins posing as escapees, refugees, or defectors in order to penetrate emigre groups, ODYOKE intelligence, or other targets assigned by hostile services.

Is there a torture manual?

Basically, all schemes for labelling people are wrong per se; applied arbitrarily, they always produce distortions. The skilled interrogator can save a great deal of time by understanding the emotional needs of the interrogates.

For this reason a major purpose of this study is to focus relevant scientific findings upon CI interrogation. The professional peddler with several IS contacts may prove an exception; but he will usually give the edge to a host security service because otherwise he cannot function with impunity.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals – Wikipedia

Some of the material was similar to the older CIA manuals described below. People do change, but what appears to be new behavior or a new psychological pattern is usually just a variant on the old theme. The s appear to have been a time when the Kubsrk put a tremendous amount of energy into perfecting the science of torture.

As is also true for the interrogation of provocateurs, thorough preliminary investigation will pay handsome dividends when questioning gets under way. The interrogation of a resistant source who is a staff or agent member of an Orbit intelligence or security service or of a clandestine Communist organization is one of the most exacting of professional tasks.


Usually the orderly-obstinate character has a history of active rebellion in childhood, of persistently doing the exact opposite of what he is told to do. The manuals describe coercive techniques to be used “to ciq psychological regression in the subject by bringing a superior outside force to bear on his will to resist.

The legality of detaining and questioning a person, and of the methods employed, [approx. Moreover, emotional-psychological schematizations sometimes present atypical extremes rather than the kinds of people commonly encountered ccia interrogators. They tend to think things through logically and to act deliberately. In the June 11 to 18, four-part series, The Baltimore Sun printed excerpts of an interview with Florencio Caballero, a former member of Battalion Although denunciations by genuine refugees and other evidence of information obtained from documents, local officials, and like sources may result in exposure, the detection of provocation frequently depends upon skilled interrogation.

Most of the intelligence terminology employed here which may once have been ambiguous has been clarified through usage or through KUBARK instructions.

Such facts as are available suggest that the latter have a slight advantage. The interrogator’s goal is to obtain useful information — facts about which the interrogatee presumably have acquired information.

Interrogators who adopt them and who note in an interrogatee kubaark or two of the characteristics of “Type A” may mistakenly assign the source to Category A and assume the remaining traits.

The New York Times ]. This is the oldest manual, and describes the use of abusive techniques, as exemplified by two references to the use of electric shock, in addition to use of threats and fear, sensory deprivation, and isolation.

Another preliminary comment about the interrogator is that normally he should not personalize. Yet detention in a controlled environment and perhaps for a lengthy period is frequently essential to a successful counterintelligence interrogation of a recalcitrant source.

Except within the Communist frame of reference, they have paid less attention to the creation of internal controls — i. Some security services, especially those of the Sino-Soviet Bloc, may work at leisure, depending upon time as well as their own methods to melt kubak.